今年、2015年の慶應義塾大学の理工学部(2月12日実施)にこんなクイズがありました。最後の空所に一語入れる問題です。実際の問題は選択しがあって、その中から選ぶものでしたが、ここでは選択肢はいれません。ちょっと考えればわかる問題です。答えを書いてしまうとつまらないので、CLOZE Test を作りました。単語を入れると合っているか間違っているかがわかります。
A man in a town married twenty women. There have been no divorce and everyone in question is still alive and well. The man is not a bigamist, and he has broken no laws. How is this possible?
This is the so-called marrying-man problem, which psychologists often use to study creative insight: the process by which we suddenly discover the answer to something that had previously stumped us. A problem makes no sense at first. But then we turn it around in our minds and, presto, the answer comes. So, naturally, Mark Beeman, a cognitive neuroscientist who studies insight and creativity, likes to pose questions like this one to applicants who want to work in his lab. (The answer to this particular problem is that the man is a ( ).